Weill Cornell Medicine Urology
Weill Cornell Medicine Urology
Benign Lesions of the Adrenal Gland

Benign Lesions of the Adrenal Gland

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The detection of adrenal masses has increased with the widespread use of high resolution imaging techniques such as Computed Tomography (CT or CAT scan) and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scan.


The adrenal glands are paired structures located in the back of the abdomen, just above the kidneys.

The adrenal glands produce steroid and other hormones that help regulate blood pressure, kidney function, responses to stress, and some sexual functions.

Therefore, the approach to the evaluation of most adrenal masses depends upon the radiographic appearance of the lesion, whether the patient has any symptoms from overproduction of one of the adrenal hormones, and whether the patient has a known primary malignancy.

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The two parts of the adrenal glands, the adrenal cortex and adrenal medulla, perform separate functions and produce separate hormones.

  • The adrenal cortex produces glucocorticoids (cortisol), mineralocorticoids (aldosterone), and androgens (sex hormones). Cortisol has important effects on heart, blood pressure, metabolism and your immune system. Aldosterone is necessary for fluid and electrolyte balance, which affects your blood pressure. The adrenal androgen hormones regulate sexual characteristics.
  • The adrenal medulla is responsible for producing epinephrine and norepinephrine (adrenaline), with effects on blood pressure and bodily stress responses. Both deficiency and overproduction of these hormones can cause significant problems. Overproduction of these hormones may be due to a tumor of the adrenal gland, which is an indication for your doctor to send you for a urologic consultation.

Most adrenal lesions represent benign nonfunctioning masses called adenomas. The vast majority are discovered during an examination that is being performed for reasons other than suspected adrenal disease. In some cases, they represent benign lesions that may secrete hormones that can affect blood pressure or steroid/sugar levels. In other cases, these adrenal lesions can represent a metastatic lesion in a patient with a known primary malignant lesion.

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Please call our office at 646-962-9600 to schedule an appointment via phone. Our phone staff are available to help you Monday-Friday, from 9AM-5PM (EST).

If you'd like to learn more about each of our providers that specialize in Benign Lesions of the Adrenal Gland, please review the Physicians & Faculty profiles listed at the bottom of this page.

Benign Lesions of the Adrenal Glands - Symptoms & Evaluation


Conditions of the adrenal glands may be determined by blood and urine tests ordered by your doctor. It is important to understand your symptoms so your doctor can properly evaluate your adrenal glands to determine your condition.

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Benign Lesions of the Adrenal Glands - Treatment Options


Treatment of adrenal masses depends upon the presumptive diagnosis.

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Physicians & Faculty

Dr. Joseph Del Pizzo, M.D.

Joseph J. Del Pizzo


(646) 962-9600
(646) 962-9600
AETNA [Medicare], AETNA-HMO, Aetna-NYP-EPO/POS, AETNA-PPO, Aetna-Weill Cornell POS, EBCBS Blue Access, EBCBS HMO, EBCBS Mediblue, EBCBS PPO/EPO, Empire BCBS HealthPlus (CHP), Federal Medicare, NY State Medicaid, Rockefeller University-CoreSource, UHC Medicare, United Healthcare Commercial
The LeFrak Center for Robotic Surgery

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