- In 2015, about 61,560 new cases of kidney cancer (38,270 in men and 23,290 in women) were diagnosed, and approximately 14,080 people (9,070 men and 5,010 women) died from it.
- Kidney cancer is among the 10 most commonly diagnosed cancers in men and women, respectively.
- The average age of people when they are diagnosed is 64 years. Kidney cancer is very uncommon in people younger than age 45 years.
- Kidney Cancer Histology: (see chart below)
The 5 year overall survival rate for kidney cancer by stage from the National Cancer Database is below. Overall survival accounts for death due to other causes, such as heart disease.
Kidney cancers are also assigned a Furhman Grade of 1 through 4.
- Grade 1 cancers have cell nuclei that are similar to normal kidney cell nuclei. These cancers usually grow and spread slowly and tend to have a favorable prognosis.
- Conversely, grade 4 cancer nuclei appear very different from normal kidney cell nuclei, and have an unfavorable prognosis.